Swiss Company AG: A Guide to Incorporating a Business in Switzerland

Switzerland, renowned for its picturesque landscapes and precision engineering, also offers a favorable environment for business incorporation through its Swiss Company AG structure. Whether you’re a local entrepreneur or an international investor, forming a Swiss Company AG can provide significant advantages. Here’s a comprehensive guide on how to navigate the SWISS COMPANY AG:

1. Understanding Swiss Company AG

Swiss Company AG refers to a public limited company (Aktiengesellschaft) in Switzerland. It is a popular choice due to its separate legal entity status, limited liability for shareholders, and ability to raise capital through public or private offerings of shares.

2. Key Features and Requirements

  • Minimum Capital: There is a minimum required share capital of CHF 100,000, of which at least 20% (CHF 50,000) must be paid up at the time of incorporation.
  • Shareholders: A Swiss AG must have at least one shareholder, who can be an individual or a legal entity. Shareholders can be Swiss residents or foreign nationals.
  • Directors: The company must have at least one director who is a Swiss resident or a resident of an EU/EFTA country. Alternatively, a director can be appointed who holds a work permit for Switzerland.
  • Registered Office: A Swiss Company AG must have a registered office in Switzerland, which is where official correspondence and legal documents are sent.

3. Incorporation Process

  • Name Reservation: Start by reserving a unique company name through the Swiss Commercial Register (Handelsregisteramt).
  • Drafting Articles of Association: Prepare the Articles of Association (Statuten) outlining the company’s purpose, structure, and governance rules.
  • Bank Account: Open a Swiss bank account for depositing the initial share capital.
  • Notarization and Registration: The Articles of Association must be notarized and submitted, along with other required documents, to the Commercial Register for registration.

4. Tax Considerations

Switzerland offers competitive tax rates for businesses, with different cantons having varying tax regimes. Companies are subject to corporate income tax, capital tax, and withholding tax on dividends, but benefit from numerous tax deductions and allowances.

5. Legal Compliance and Regulations

  • Employment Laws: Adhere to Swiss employment laws regarding contracts, wages, and working conditions.
  • Regulatory Compliance: Ensure compliance with Swiss regulations, including data protection laws (like GDPR) and industry-specific regulations.

6. Advantages of a Swiss Company AG

  • International Reputation: Switzerland is known for its stable political environment, strong banking sector, and business-friendly policies.
  • Access to EU Market: With its proximity to the European Union, Swiss companies can benefit from access to EU markets under bilateral agreements.
  • Innovation and Research: Switzerland encourages innovation through favorable research and development incentives.


Forming a Swiss Company AG can be a strategic move for entrepreneurs seeking to establish a presence in Europe’s stable and prosperous business environment. By following the correct procedures and seeking professional advice, businesses can benefit from Switzerland’s advantageous tax system, legal framework, and access to global markets.

For detailed legal and tax advice tailored to your specific business needs, consulting with local experts or legal advisors in Switzerland is highly recommended.